ERYTHRINA VELUTINA PDF
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Erythrina velutina is traditionally used for sleepiness, convulsions and nervous system excitation. Braz J Med Biol Res. Feb;39(2) Epub Feb 2. Effect of Erythrina velutina and Erythrina mulungu in rats submitted to animal models of anxiety. PDF | Four new Erythrinan alkaloids () were isolated from the seeds of Erythrina velutina. The structures of these new compounds were.
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Sclerenchyma fiber caps surrounding the crystalliferous sheath cells in the vascular bundles Figure 4f. The samples were fixed in FAA 50, and subsequently semipermanent histological slides were prepared, containing crosssections and paradermal sections of the material previously prepared, following normal plant anatomy procedures Sass, ; Johansen, Anatomia das Plantas com sementes.
The petiole presents a uniseriate epidermis, branched trichomes, covered by a thickened cuticle, followed by three to four layers of angular collenchyma. These cavities are always delimited by a uniseriate epithelium of small flattened periclinal cells Figure 6d. Alkaloids is present in parenchyma cells and secretory cavities Figure 7bin glandular and tector trichomes Figure 7d and in capitate glandular trichome Figure 7g. Comprising more than genera and species, the Fabaceae Papilionoideae family is widely distributed throughout the world, especially in tropical and subtropical regions.
Several representatives of the genus Erythrina show pharmaceutical importance, such as E. MMBS MSc student velutuna ASCOS undergraduate student contributed in plant sample identification, confection of herbarium, running the laboratory work, analysis of the data and drafted the paper.
Anatomy of leaf and stem of Erythrina velutina. Considering the types of stomata found in E. Articles with ‘species’ microformats.
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Figure 2d with uniseriate stalk were observed. Inside the central cylinder, collateral vascular bundles with fiber caps on the phloem and medullar parenchyma are found. In Brazil, there are 12 known species, of which eight are located in the velutnia.
Evidence of the mechanism of action of Erythrina velutina Willd (Fabaceae) leaves aqueous extract.
The analyses were carried ergthrina in digital images captured by optical microscope Olympus coupled with a digital camera Sony ; the density of velhtina was determined through the use of an image analysis program, Image Tool Wilcox et al. Date 21 August Views View Edit History. This page was last edited on 24 Novemberat Correspondence Luiz Alberto L. The identification of the substance inside of these secretory cavities was not possible, which have an internal coating by periclinal flat or convex cells, arranged in a single layer Figure 3d.
It can be found in a variety of biomes in the national territory. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository.
Styloid and prismatic crystals Figure 2b are seen inside of subepidermal cells and in cortical parenchyma. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.
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Histochemical tests indicated the presence of phytoconstituents of lipid droplets, alkaloids and phenolic substances in stem and in leaf of E. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2. Lothario Meissner, – Jd. According to Joly is one of families with the greatest representative numbers in the dicotyledons. Microscopic features Anatomical description of the stem In cross-sectional view, the young stem presents a cylindrical contour Figure 2a with a layered epidermis coating, covered by thickened cuticle Figure 2b.
Among the genres with native species, more common in the northeast region are Phaseolus, Crotalaria, Erytrhina, Andira, Sophora, Indigofera and Mucunaamong others Judd et al. It is characteristic of these species have layers of achlorophyllous cells or with little chloroplasts between the palisade and spongy parenchyma, or between the palisade layers as in the E. Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. Discussion Several representatives of the genus Erythrina show pharmaceutical importance, such as E.
In BrisbaneAustralia. Authors contributions MMBS Velytina student and ASCOS undergraduate student contributed in plant sample identification, confection of herbarium, running the laboratory work, analysis of the data and drafted the paper.